Once the area around Rachel’s Tomb, a pilgrimage place for Muslims, Christians and
Jews, was one of the liveliest in Bethlehem. The Hebron Road connected Jerusalem with
Bethlehem: its northern section was the busiest street in town. It was the gateway
from Jerusalem into Bethlehem. After entering Bethlehem along the main road, visitors either chose the direction to Hebron or the road to the Church of the Nativity.
Read more on the Palestine studies website